MPA or SPA? Which one should you choose?
Old desktop applications are pushed far to the corner by web applications. Web-based applications are convenient to use, accessible from multiple devices, and are easy to upgrade. Demand for complex apps which are mobile-friendly is on the rise. Those of you who are familiar with web app development must be knowing the two primary web design types: Single Page Application (SPA) and Multi Page Application (MPA).
The first stone laid in the development of web applications is to choose between the design models. Decision must be based on the content-first approach wherein the application content is given highest importance as compared to other related aspects. Content decides whether the user will use the application or not which brings us to the next aspect- the nature of the content you wish to present and that which the user wants the most.
- MPA approach is best suited for those sites which are designed as a visual map. Multilevel menu navigations are central in traditional MPA.
- SEO management is efficient because different keywords can be optimized in the format of one keyword per application.
- MPA lacks the same back-end for mobile applications.
- Development of MPA is complex. Frameworks are necessary for either the server or client. Time taken for the development of the application is thus longer.
- Back and front-end are tightly intertwined.
Single page applications
In other words, SPA is an application type which is embedded in the browser and removes the need to load while in use. Applications which are built on SPA that are in daily use are GitHub, Google Maps, Gmail, and Facebook. SPA works primarily by mimicking a natural environment to fulfill the needs of a UX in a browser. As a result, there is virtually zero downtime. Single pages are preferable because the user remains on one web space and content presented is simplified. Two aspects which need improvement in SPA are guidance and tooling. While tooling has definitely improved, it is still beyond the scope of understanding for a beginner. Guidance is the need of the hour because SPA has spoilt developers with choice and they can’t decide on where to start.
- Core strength of SPA is in its 3R’s- reach, responsive UX, and reducing round-trip
- Most resources on SPA are loaded only once in the course of the application run time. Back and forth transmission is limited to data only.
- Debugging SPA can easily be accomplished on frequently used web browsers like Chrome because networks can be monitored, page elements and associated data can be investigated.
- Creating mobile applications becomes easy because the user can now reuse a back-end code to create both a web as well as a mobile application.
- Unlike MPA approach, SPA is less secure because of the XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) client scripts can be implemented into the other user applications.
- SEO optimizations are hard but not impossible.
SPA or MPA
SPA is better than MPA in terms of faster page loading, enhanced user experience, simplified development of mobile applications, and eliminating the need to write codes for page rendering on server. At the same time MPA is superior than SPA in terms of simplicity of UI code, easier SEO optimization, and low framework to be loaded to the client. So choosing between the two is solely based on the ultimate goal of the application. It is logical to develop an MPA if the site is an online retail store. If you feel that the site is better used as a SPA, it is your